Research Study Shows Church Values Differ
United Methodist Communications
Office of Public Information
Roles affect perception of what it means to be United Methodist
Nashville, Tenn.: In the U.S., perceptions of United Methodist values differ by a person's role and experience. What has a high degree of importance to a pastor may be of much less significance to a church member, and especially to those who don't attend regularly. But most United Methodists agree that an emphasis on God's grace is very important, as well as having a Communion table where all are welcome.
These are some of the findings of an extensive new quantitative study
by United Methodist Communications conducted in November-December 2014. The survey, conducted online among a representative sample of 400 United Methodist members, and phone surveys of 850 pastors and leaders, finds that opinions about what it means to be United Methodist are as diverse as people's reasons for being a part of the church.
More than 39% of member respondents are United Methodists because they were born into United Methodist families. Beyond that, the reasons respondents gave as to why they became a member of The United Methodist Church were varied. Beliefs and teachings were the second most frequently mentioned reason for affiliation (17%), followed by liking the people, liking the pastor, or marrying into a United Methodist family (all 8%). Some like the church’s emphasis on social issues (4%), while 2% find a convenient location to be the prevailing factor.
Uniquely United Methodist
Having Wesleyan theological roots
and open Communion were the most frequently mentioned attributes seen by members as uniquely United Methodist, compared to other Christian denominations. Yet only 19% of members considered Wesleyan theological roots as a "very important" core value.
Pastors and church leaders also named those values, but were more likely to also mention being a connectional church and funding the church through shared giving. Both were less likely to see acceptance of different views and church diversity as qualities unique to United Methodism than were members.
Most important values
The survey found some pronounced differences between what pastors, church leaders and members consider important values for The United Methodist Church.
Members’ responses were quite fragmented, but more than half of members surveyed agreed that an emphasis on God's grace, open Communion, acceptance of all people, church fellowship, a strong Scriptural foundation and an emphasis on mission and outreach in local community were very important values for The United Methodist Church.
Pastors were more solidly in agreement, with more than 90% of those surveyed declaring the importance of an emphasis on God's grace, open Communion, an emphasis on local mission and outreach and a strong Scriptural foundation. But some of the values which rated high for pastors were low for members; for example, a balance of personal and social holiness was of top importance to less than one-third of members surveyed while 81% of pastors put it in the ”very important” tier.
Church fellowship was more important to leaders than any other group, and they were more interested in bringing people to Christ than were other members (88% vs. 45%). Both leaders and pastors cited an emphasis on worldwide mission twice as frequently as members.
“What we're seeing is that people in different roles with different experiences have different perceptions,” said Sherri Thiel, interim chief executive of United Methodist Communications. “Church leaders are more likely to share pastors' values, possibly because their roles bring them into greater contact with work at the denominational level, while members are more focused on personal and local experiences.”
Differences among members of the same groups
The survey found that United Methodists who attend church regularly were twice as likely as those who attend infrequently to say a strong Scriptural foundation and an emphasis on bringing people to Christ were among the most important values for The United Methodist Church. In fact, a strong Scriptural foundation was the value most often espoused by frequent attendees as being very important. There were minimal differences for some other values, such as the importance of rational thinking or being open to questioning matters of faith, regardless of the frequency of church attendance.
There were appreciable differences between pastors with different theological training where some values were concerned. For example, just 54% of pastors who attended non-United Methodist seminaries cited being a connectional church as a very important value, compared to 72% of pastors who attended United Methodist seminaries. Being "accepting of different views" was very important to only 44% of pastors from non-UM seminaries vs. 68% of pastors from UM seminaries. But when it came to identifying values that were uniquely United Methodist, there was little to no disparity.
Among leaders, women and men had differing viewpoints on some topics; 73% of women said being accepting of differing views was very important, compared to 51% of men. Women were also more supportive of worldwide mission and outreach (73% vs. 57%).
Top 10 Values Seen As Very Important
United Methodist Communications
|Emphasis on God’s grace (62%)
||Emphasis on God’s grace (98%)
||Emphasis on God’s grace (91%)
|Open Communion table (60%)
||Emphasis on local mission/outreach (92%)
||Emphasis on local mission/outreach (91%)
|Acceptance of all people (58%)
||Open Communion table (92%)
||Emphasis on bringing people to Christ (88%)
|Fellowship in my church (56%)
||Strong Scriptural foundation (91%)
||Open Communion table (87%)
|Strong Scriptural foundation (51%)
||Emphasis on bringing people to Christ (87%)
||Fellowship in my church (84%)
|Emphasis on local mission/outreach (50%)
||Addressing the needs of the poor (85%)
||Strong scriptural foundation (83%)
|Addressing the needs of the poor (47%)
||Seeking to transform the world (81%)
||Addressing the needs of the poor (81%)
|Emphasis on bringing people to Christ (45%)
||Balance of personal/social holiness (81%)
||Acceptance of all people (80%)
|Accepting of different views (44%)
||Acceptance of all people (80%)
||Promoting education and developing Christian leaders (76%)
|Importance of rational thinking (42%)
||Emphasis on worldwide mission/outreach (76%)
||Emphasis on worldwide mission/outreach (68%)
conducted this research in several phases. The first phase involved focus groups with pastors, leaders and members in four U.S. cities in different regions of the country. These qualitative findings provided direction for the development of the surveys. The phone survey included pastors randomly selected from United Methodist databases. Leaders were selected randomly among current subscribers of Interpreter magazine, who have been designated as key leaders by pastors in their local church. Findings for general church membership resulted from an online poll among United Methodists conducted through an outside consumer research panel.
Resources for Vital Congregations
Lewis Center for Church Leadership
Lewis Center for Church Leadership: Books
Lewis Center for Church Leadership: Serve Your Neighbor
GBHEM Leadership Resources
Living Faithfully: Human Sexuality and the United Methodist Church
Englewood Book Review
Five Practices of Fruitful Congregations
Ted Talks: The Golden Circle
Ted Talks: The Power of Vulnerability
Ted Talks: The Price of Invulnerability
Meditations on the Ministry of All Christians
Be A Disciple
A Disciple’s Path; A Guide for United Methodist
Lewis Center for Church Leadership: Adult Christian Studies from the Wesley Ministry Network
Traveling Together: A Guide for Disciple Forming Congregations
Living As United Methodist Christians
Methodist Doctrine: The Essentials
Reclaiming our Wesleyan Tradition: John Wesley’s Sermons for Today
John Wesley Sermons: Anthology
Get Their Name
Evangelism & Theology in the Wesleyan Spirit
Canoeing the Mountains
Fresh Expressions: Dinner Church
Lewis Center for Church Leadership: Reach New Disciples
Lewis Center for Church Leadership: 50 Ways to Reach People
Community: The Structure of Belonging
RESOURCES TO CONNECT WITH THE COMMUNITY:
Institute for Emerging Issues
Congregations 4 Children
The Royce and Jane Reynolds Ministry Fund Grants
The Duke Endowment
The Appalachian District Church Vitality Team has been prayerfully seeking ways to help support you and the ministries of your local congregation during this COVID-19 pandemic. Together they have diligently researched and connected with others throughout the conference and our denomination to identify resources and offer them to you. We hope they will be helpful to you and bless you greatly in leading your churches and communities through this unprecedented time. We are very grateful to the District Vitality Team and other contributors for their great work on this resource.
This faithful team has created three documents, two of which you are receiving today. They include:
- Family Home Worship – designed to help families establish a regular worship space within their homes as well as a time where they can worship together.
- Tech Strategies – to help guide you in selecting effective tools and resources within your budget to best communicate in the digital world.
We believe these resources will be of great benefit to you. Also know that the District Vitality Team is available to answer any questions you might have in regards to the documents attached. If you have questions, you may email Rev. Howard Fleming at firstname.lastname@example.org.